According to CDC, one out of three older adults fall annually. Over 700,000 patients a year are hospitalized because of a fall injury, most often because of a head injury or hip fracture. Although, many falls do not cause injuries, some may cause simple injuries that may make it hard to get around, do daily activities, or live on your own.
There are many conditions that contribute to falling, such as:
- Lower body weakness
- Vitamin D deficiency
- Vision Problems
- Use of medications that affect balance and steadiness
- Foot Pain or poor footwear
- Home hazards (i.e. Rugs, clutter that can be tripped over, uneven steps, lack of hand rails along stairs or in bathroom.)
However, there are a few things you can do to decrease your risks of falling.
Talk to Your Doctor
Do Strength and Balance Exercises
- Ask your doctor to evaluate your fall risk
- Ask your doctor to review your medications
- Ask your doctor about Vitamin D supplements with Calcium
Have Your Eyes Checked
- Do exercises that strengthens your legs and improve balance (i.e. Tai Chi)
Make Your Home Safer
- Have your eyes checked yearly, and update your eyeglasses if needed.
For more information, click here:
Preventing Falls in Older Adults
Stay Independent Brochure
Taking Steps to Prevent Falls
- Remove things that you could trip over
- Add grab bars inside and outside your tub or shower and next to the toilet.
- Put railings on both sides of stairs
- Repair uneven stairs
- Make sure your home has good lighting, by adding more or brighter light bulbs.